electric vehicle

What is an electric vehicle
and how does it work?

It is a vehicle which uses electricity stored in rechargeable batteries to generate cynetic energy in order to move.

It is an automobile vehicle for transporting people or merchandise, propulsed by one or more electric motors using electrical energy usually stored in rechargeable batteries. The electric motors provide torque instantly allowing for a quick acceleration from a stopped position. Furthermore, they are up to three times more efficient than an internal combustion engine.

Types of Electric Vehicles

100% electric. Can function only with electrical energy. It does not need a combustion engine, guaranteeing an ecologically friendly drive. It runs thanks to the energy provided by its electrical network through a recharge site. Its range is limited to 130 to 400 kilometers because of the batteries, though some new models allow for distances of over 400 km.

Hybrid plug in. Combines the internal combustion engine (diesel or gasoline) with electrical motor and batteries that can be recharged by connecting the vehicle to the power supply system. This is the main difference with the traditional hybrids that do not plug in and depend on regenerative breaking to feed power back into the batteries, and the excess energy produced by the motor. The electric range is superior to that of the nonplug-in hybrids which lowers its emissions level. It also has a regenerative braking system. The electric range is between 15 and 50 kms. when operating solely in electrical mode.

Extended range. Has a combustion engine (diesel or gasoline) which powers the electric motor’s batteries. It is important to emphasize this is not a hybrid. The combustion engine is not used for propulsion but to charge the batteries thus achieving a wider range. An electric vehicle of extended range has a support generator for recharging the batteries. It is a vehicle with two motors; the conventional combustion engine recharges the batteries on the go for the electric motor allowing the vehicle to be driven with a constant source of electricity. This technology extends the range up to some 80 km in electric mode.

Differences between electric vehicle and hybrid plug-in.
In the chart below we give information to help you decide which suits your needs best when deciding between 100% electric or hybrid plug-in.